On This Day In Judy Garland’s Life And Career – April 27

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“Every time she swung into one of the familiar favorites the beaming spectators, some 2,700 strong, according to the management, burst into spontaneous applause.” – R.H. Gardner review of Judy’s concert in Baltimore, April 27, 1959

April 27, 1934:  Judy’s father, Frank Gumm, wrote this letter to the editor of the “Rutherford Courier” published out of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, which was his hometown.  The letter was published on this day.

Frank gave an update on what he had been doing since he left the town in 1908.  Being a proud father, he touted the success of his daughters, especially Frances (Judy), “The youngest girl, Frances, who is 11 years old, is a big sensation, and a brilliant career is predicted for her as she will shortly be featured with many of the prominent stars of the screen.

On May 4, 1934, the paper published a photo of the girls and used the info from Frank’s letter for the caption.

Judy Garland on Jack Oakie's College radio show April 27, 1937

April-27,-1937-Oakie-Show-Transcript-1April 27, 1937:  Judy’s weekly appearance on the “Jack Oakie’s College” radio show on the CBS Radio Network.  Judy sang “Swing High, Swing Low” (which included a special intro probably written by Roger Edens) and “Whispering.”  The show also featured Benny Goodman and his Orchestra (out of New York), Georgie Stoll and his Orchestra (in Los Angeles), Robert Wildhack (a comedian who specialized in a “sage of sneezes, snores and other physiological phenomena), and the comedy team of Al Shaw and Sam Lee.

No audio is known to exist from this broadcast but a typed transcript of the entire show is available here (PDF).

Judy Garland serves pineapple-loganberry ade to her sisters

April 27, 1939:  This article not only repeated the studio fabricated story of how Judy marched onto the MGM lot and announced she wanted a contract but included a recipe for pineapple-loganberry ade that was attributed to her.  The “young guests” in the photo with Judy are actually her sisters Suzanne and Virginia.  Even though the recipe most likely wasn’t Judy’s, and she probably never even saw it, it looks quite tasty.  Click on the image to see the larger, readable version.

April 27, 1939:  The Wizard of Oz was firmly in post-production, which meant that the stuido’s publicity department was hard at work getting the word out, including providing information (and tall tales) to columnists like Harrison Carroll.

April 27, 1940:  Filming on Strike Up The Band continued with more scenes shot on the “Interior Delmonico’s” and “Exterior Delmonico’s” sets.  time called: 9:00 a.m.; dismissed: 4:15 p.m.

Judy Garland sings

April 27, 1941:  Judy appeared on the “Young America Wants To Help” radio show, and sang “Chin Up, Cheerio, Carry On” from the upcoming film Babes on Broadway.  The show was broadcast to England over three networks, Mutual (in the U.S.), the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, and the British Broadcasting Company.  The event was arranged by the Radio Divison of the British War Relief Society and was timed to take place while London radio audiences were in their air-raid shelters.  The show originated in New York with “cut-ins” from Hollywood.  Judy was joined by Helen Hayes who provided the greetings to Young Britain on behalf of Young America, Gertrude Lawrence, the Yale University Glee Club (noted as having 50 voices), New York Mayor LaGuardia, and the Youth Orchestra of the New York City High School of Music and Art which was promoted as a 100 piece orchestra of all youths conducted by Leopold Stokowski.  To top it all off, the future Queen of England, Princess Elizabeth, and her sister, Princess Margaret Rose, read messages.

Listen to “Chin Up, Cheerio, Carry On” here:

The remastered version was included on the fantastic 2010 4-CD set “Judy Garland – Lost Tracks.”

Check out The Judy Room’s Filmography Page on Babes on Broadway here.

April 27, 1941:  Glorifying The American Girl!

Check out The Judy Room’s Spotlight on Ziegfeld Girl here.

April 27, 1942:  Filming on For Me And My Gal continued with scenes shot on the “Interior Chicago Theater” and “Interior Jo’s Hotel Room” sets.  Time called: 10:00 a.m.; dismissed: 6:10 p.m.

Check out The Judy Room’s Filmography Pages on For Me And My Gal here.


April 27, 1943:  Filming on Girl Crazy continued with more scenes shot on the “Exterior Campfire” set (“Bidin’ My Time”).  Time called: 10:00 a.m.; dismissed: 5:50 p.m.

Lobby card photo provided by Kim Lundgreen.  Thanks, Kim!

Check out The Judy Room’s Filmography Pages on Girl Crazy here.

Screen Shot 2017-08-03 at 10.04.17 PM

April 27, 1949:  Filming began on the “I’m An Indian, Too” number for Annie Get Your Gun.  Judy had a 9 a.m. call, due on set at 10:30 a.m.; she arrived on time; lunch: 12:45-1:45 p.m.; time dismissed: 5:30 p.m.  Filming continued through May 2nd.  Director Busby Berkeley was replaced by Charles Walters on May 5th.  Judy was removed from the project on May 10th.

Check out The Judy Room’s Filmography page on Annie Get Your Gun here.


April 27, 1950:  A scoring session for Summer Stock.  Judy was not a part of this having completed her obligations for the film in March.  This recording session included the “Main Title” plus some short musical and choral (“35 men”) bits.

Listen to the “Main Title” below.  The pre-recording does not exist, so this is taken directly from the film’s soundtrack.

Check out The Judy Room’s Filmography Pages on Summer Stock here.

April 27, 1958:  Judy’s upcoming appearance at the Minnesota State Centennial Celebration on May 11th is covered in this article by the “Minneapolis Star Tribune.”

Check out The Judy Room’s “Judy Garland – The Concert Years” here.

April 27, 1959:  Judy opened at the 2,800-seat Stanley Opera House in Baltimore, Maryland.  This was a “tryout” engagement for Judy’s new production which would play the famous opera houses across the country.  Judy grossed $65,000 playing to capacity crowds for four of the six nights; the weakest nights were Tuesday, because of rain, and Friday, because the weekend tickets went up to a high price of $6.50, “a pretty high tag in these parts,” according to one report.  The reviews of the show were raves, except for some disappointment over Judy lip-syncing to a prerecorded taped vocal of “Born In A Trunk.”  The reason for the prerecording was the blocking of the number, which was changed so Judy could sing it live.

Review of Judy Garland's concert in Baltimore, April 27, 1959This review, published the following day in the Baltimore Sun, notes how popular Judy was with the audience but apparently not the reviewer:

Judy Given Welcome

VAUDEVILLE came back to Baltimore last night, and a near-capacity audience at the Stanley welcomed it like an old friend.

An air of nostalgia pervaded the auditorium as Judy Garland, heading a cast said to number 100, sang song after song from the list of hits which, over the past twenty years, have made her one of the nation’s top recording and motion picture stars.

Every time she swung into one of the familiar favorites – say, “Over the Rainbow” or “You Made Me Love You” – the beaming spectators, some 2,700 strong, according to the management, burst into spontaneous applause.

Feeling of Affection

Truly, she could have done anything and, so warm was the feeling of affection for her, they would have loved it, which was fortunate – for, with the exception of that provided for the long monologue of comic Alan King, the material generally was disappointing.

It may be that the roughness always characterizing a first performance before an audience was responsible for much of the insubstantial effect of the revue; on the other hand, it may be that Roger Edens, who put together most of the scenes, is depending too much on Miss Garland to make a show sorely lacking in originality seem fresh and new.

Connections Slight

An early decline forced me to leave before the finale but, judging by the eleven (out of a total of fourteen) numbers I saw, the tissue connecting Miss Garland’s various medleys of old songs is so slight that it might as well have been left out altogether.

I can, in fact, recall only one real production number – a dramatized flashback of the singer’s career from a child performer to the present – and, for some strange reason, the voices during this sequence seem to have been recorded on a soundtrack with the people on stage merely pretending to sing.  This not only introduces an air of strangeness into the proceedings but utterly destroys the spontaneity essential for such a number’s success.

The audience, whoever, didn’t seem to mind this slight deviation one bit.  Evidently Judy’s voice – whether on wax, tape or public address system – was enough for them.

It is a rich and exciting voice, capable – when its owner really lets loose – of shooting prickles up the spine of even the most prosaic reviewer.

Themes Similar

A noticeable nervousness subdues some of Miss Garland’s natural ebullience during the first part of the show, but she seemed to grow more and more assured with each number so that toward the end of the first act she was knocking them out with that wonderful fervor and confidence we all associate with her personality and style of singing.

Mr. King, who has just returned from a successful engagement at various London theaters, is sort of a belligerent Sam Levinson.  He is younger than the well known Jewish comedian, but he uses the same themes – namely, the family of how awfully funny being a member of one is.

Starting with a series of man-and-wife jokes (“When we married, my family had more money than hers, and we were on relief”), Mr. King, who looks a little like the late Mike Todd, switched his satiric attention to his mother-in-law, his children, his neighbors and even his work.

Judy Garland and John Ireland - The Letter - Capitol Records“I have a very peculiar kind of act,” he declared, after talking for about fifteen minutes.  “I don’t have a finish.  I don’t have an opening either,” he added as a second thought, “and actually I’m not too crazy about the middle.”  Judging by the audience’s continuous and almost hysterical laughter, Mr. King was the only one in the house who felt this way.

John W. Bubbles – a tall and graceful Negro dancer and former member of the team of Buck and Bubbles, featured in the Ziegfeld Follies of 1930 – added to the nostalgic air of old-time vaudeville by doing a fine, derby-wearing, cane-swinging, song-and-dance rendition of such numbers as “I’m Forever Blowing Bubbles,” “Shine” and “It Ain’t Necessarily So.”  The latter he sang as “Sportin’ Life” in the original Theater-Guild production of “Porgy and Bess.”

Miss Garland’s numbers, in addition to those named, included “I’m In Love With A Wonderful Guy,” “The Trolley Song,” “For Me and My Gal,” “Almost Like Being in Love,” a Jolson medley of “This Can’t Be Love.”  She also sang “I Happen to Like New York” and various excerpts from a new album called “The Letter.”

Both “The Letter” and “I Happen to Like New York” were composed by Gordon Jenkins who arranged all the music for the review last night conducted the orchestra.

Richard Barstow is responsible for the choreography, of which there is little in the show, and Irene Sharoff [sic] designed the sets and costumes.

Check out The Judy Room’s “Judy Garland – The Concert Years” here.

April 27, 1959:  Two reviews of the recent TV adaptation of Meet Me In St. Louis.  Former MGM musical star Jane Powell played Judy’s role of Esther Smith.

April 27, 1961:  This photo of Judy and Roddy McDowell backstage after her triumph at Carnegie Hall was published in various papers on this day and for several days after.

Check out The Judy Room’s “Judy Garland – The Concert Years” here.

April 27, 1967:  Judy was fired from Valley of the Dolls, although Fox announced she had “resigned for personal reasons,” which Judy denied, saying “I have not withdrawn.  I was up at six this morning to go to work.  It’s a shocking thing.  Why?  That’s what I want to know.  Why?”  There have been conflicting reports about the real reasons why Judy didn’t make Dolls, ranging from Judy seeing nude scenes being films; Liza finally convincing her that the film was not right for her; Judy at least reading the script just prior to the first day of filming; to Jacqueline Susann convincing Judy that the part was not right for her; to Judy’s house assistant, Jim Sutherland insisting that Judy wanted out when Fox was dragging their heals on requests that Judy demanded – not only for her character but especially for that of Neely O’Hara, the character Judy was now, finally convinced was based on her!  Judy was also trying a “softer” approach to Lawson, which the director, Mark Robson, did not understand, and he was “rough” on her, according to reports from the set; to Judy feeling she was being exploited for publicity purposes; to Judy much later saying the whole things was “sort of a mutual agreement” and more.

The late Patty Duke, who played Neely O’Hara (the character based on Judy) was interviewed by Bruce Vilanch on July 20, 2009, at a special Marc Heustis event at San Francisco’s Castro Theater.  She gave her story of what happened, which aligns with the story that Judy was badly treated by Fox and especially by the director of the film, Mark Robson.

Fox let Judy keep the sequined pantsuit and paid her half of the $75k salary.  Of that $37,500, $3,700 went to Judy’s agent; $23,500 to the government; and $10,000 to Judy.

Check out The Judy Room’s Filmography Pages on Valley of the Dolls here.

April 27, 2005:   Judy’s “Dorothy” dress from The Wizard of Oz, numbered 4228, was sold for $177,614 by Bonhams auction house.  Another dress (shown below), #4461, was auctioned on November 23, 2015, also by Bonhams, and that one sold for a whopping $1,565,000!

Check out The Judy Room’s Spotlight on The Wizard of Oz here.


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