“It was perhaps the most memorable evening in show-business history.” – Judy At Carnegie Hall advertisement, 1961
July 20, 1933: The first night of a week-long engagement for Judy, still going by her birth name Frances, at the Warner Brother Downtown Theater in Los Angeles, California. Judy is billed as “Frances Gum” (see the lower left side of the ad) with the tagline “A Wonder in Disguise” which might be a reflection of the fact that by this point Judy was wowing crowds with her very mature voice. In some shows, Judy sang with just a pin spot on her face. When she was finished the lights would come up, or the spot would open, to reveal to the audience that they had just listened to a child sing. It’s been reported that crowds went wild.
It’s unclear why Judy was solo for this engagement rather than performing with her sisters as “The Gumm Sisters.” They were associated with the Meglin Kiddies who were also performing at this theater.
July 20, 1934: This blurb appeared in “The Daily News Journal” in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Judy’s father, Frank Gumm, was from Murfreesboro and of course, still had ties to the town. The visit with the Gumm family that Colonel and Mr.s H. L. Fox had must have been in April or May of 1934. Judy, her sisters, and mother, Ethel, left California for their cross-country tour, the destination of which was the Chicago World’s Fair, in mid-June. When this blurb was published they were already in Chicago performing at the World’s Fair.
July 20, 1937: This four-page spread appeared in the Film Daily trade magazine promoting MGM’s latest films, including Judy’s feature film debut for the studio, Broadway Melody of 1938 (1937).
July 20, 1937: Judy and Freddie Bartholomew were photographed at Sophie Tucker’s home enjoying some pool time and enjoying a poolside lunch. Sophie’s home was at 915 Crescent Drive, Los Angeles, California, per the bottom photos. The home in no longer there, but contemporary articles about Sophie quote her as saying she purchased a home on Crescent Drive in May 1937 but in her 1945 autobiography she notes that she rented the home. It was put up for sale in October of 1938 which makes sense as Sophie’s time in Hollywood had passed by that point.
These photos were no doubt conjured up by MGM’s publicity department. At this time, Judy was finishing her work on Broadway Melody of 1938 (co-starring Tucker as her mom) and would go into Thoroughbreds Don’t Cry in late August, originally to co-star Freddie but he had to be replaced because, as Judy joked years later, “Freddie’s VOICE was changing.” The studio tried to play up a puppy love romance between the two but in reality, they were simply good friends.
July 20, 1938: Coming to a theater near you!
July 20, 1939: Film Daily trade magazine ad touting the upcoming release of The Wizard of Oz.
July 20, 1941: Judy took a break from filming Babes on Broadway to record two singles at the Decca Records studios in Hollywood. She recorded “The Birthday Of A King” and “The Star Of The East.” Both were released on the Decca single #4050 in December of 1941. They were also included in the 1942 Decca album “Christmas Candle.”
Listen to “The Birthday Of A King” here:
Listen to “The Star Of The East” here:
Check out The Judy Garland Online Discography’s Decca Records pages for more details about all of Judy’s Decca recordings.
July 20, 1943: Judy’s tour of Army Camps took her to the Indiantown Gap Military Reservation in Pennsylvania. Judy was met in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and was driven to the reservation where she “sang several numbers at the Red Cross building” before appearing at Muir Field. As if that wasn’t enough, two hours later she repeated the performance for the men of the Transportation Corp Unit Training Center in their outdoor amphitheater. Judy was driven back to Harrisburg en route to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. All of that in one day!
July 20, 1943: This photo was sent out by MGM’s publicity department to promote Judy and Mickey Rooney’s latest (and final) co-starring musical, Gershwin’s Girl Crazy (1943). The photo was taken during the filming of the “I Got Rhythm” number in late 1942.
The text on the back of the photo reads:
THEY’VE GOT RHYTHM…Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland sing and dance to the music of Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra, playing the famous George Gershwin hit, “I’ve Got Rhythm,” in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer’s “Girl Crazy” Others featured in the film directed by Norman Taurog and produced by Arthur Freed, are Nancy Walker, Rags Ragland and Frances Rafferty.
2. Mickey and Judy high-kick while Tommy Dorsey Plays trombone in the background.
Photo provided by Kim Lundgreen. Thanks, Kim!
July 20, 1946: Judy participated in a special concert at the Hollywood Bowl in honor of Jerome Kern. Judy sang her numbers from MGM’s new biopic about Kern, Till The Clouds Roll By, and also filled in for Lena Horne, singing Lena’s number from the film, “Why Was I Born?”
Judy sang along to the MGM orchestra-only track that Lena was supposed to sing with. It’s a “lost” Judy Garland MGM recording.
In February of 1946, the Hollywood Bowl Association approached MGM producer Arthur Freed to produce a Kern memorial concert for their summer season. Freed accepted. At the time of the request, the studio was finishing up the production of their all-star biopic about Kern titled Till The Clouds Roll By. The film was previewed on July 2, 1946, so the timing of the concert gave MGM some great promotion, even though the film didn’t go into general release until January 3, 1947.
Most of the guest stars who appear in the film also appear on the broadcast on July 20, 1946, recreating their numbers with Robert Walker narrating (Walker played Kern in the film). The concert was divided into three sections:
1) The California Junior Symphony Orchestra conducted by Peter Meremblum played a medley of Kern songs.
2) Johnny Green conducted the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra with some of the stars from the film recreating their numbers (including Judy singing “Look For The Silver Lining” and “Who?”) followed by Green and the orchestra performing the “Mark Twain Suite” (a Kern eulogy written by Freed himself).
3) The extensive “Finale Medley” from the film. This is the section of the broadcast that MGM cleverly used their orchestra-only pre-recordings for the stars to sing with.
Twenty minutes after the concert had started, word came that Lena Horne would not be able to appear. Since they were using the MGM pre-recordings for the finale section, which included Lena’s “Why Was I Born?” solo, her section couldn’t be cut at such short notice. At intermission, MGM’s musical director Roger Edens went to Judy’s dressing room and persuaded her to step in for Lena. They quickly rehearsed the song at a “small, broken-down piano” in a “passageway leading to the dressing rooms backstage.” Judy came through with a beautiful performance.
Because of this last-minute change, and the fact that the broadcast was recorded, we’re treated to a unique MGM recording of Judy Garland singing “Why Was I Born?” Yes, an MGM recording. It’s Judy singing with the studio pre-recording of the MGM Studio Orchestra just as she would have if she were recording the song for the film at MGM. That’s not as crazy as it sounds. MGM pre-recorded their music in a multi-track system on separate audio optical tracks, a process dating back to about 1931. This was done to create perfect takes and a balanced mono track for the films. Many of the recordings you hear in their films are culled together from multiple vocal and orchestra takes.
The only public release of this performance was on a 1970s record “The Judy Garland Musical Scrapbook” without any explanation of its history. Over the years, collectors have wondered if this was a rare, unreleased, and possibly undocumented pre-recording that Judy made for the studio. Maybe she was even slated to sing it in the film?
As nice as it would be to think that this is a rare test record Judy made at the studio, it’s not. Judy completed her work on Clouds on November 7, 1945. Already pregnant with Liza, Judy was off work for the rest of her pregnancy and shortly thereafter. In fact, this broadcast is one of Judy’s first public appearances after Liza’s birth. Lena recorded her numbers for the film in January, March, and April of 1946. It makes no sense for MGM to call Judy in to record a vocal to marry to the orchestra track of a Lena recording from March 22, 1946. Besides, Judy was never slated to sing it in the film. It was always planned as Lena’s solo in the film’s “Finale Medley” section.
In the end, thanks to this concert being recorded we have this “lost” Judy Garland MGM recording.
Information for this was provided by Hugh Fordin’s book “The World of Entertainment! Hollywood’s Greatest Musicals” and Scott Schechter’s book “Judy Garland – The Day-by-Day Chronicle of a Legend.”
July 20, 1948: Columnist Kaspar Monahan sympathetically reported on Judy’s recent physical breakdown.
July 20, 1958: Judy’s upcoming concert at The Coconut Grove (July 23rd) was news. Here’s an article about how Judy’s grown up (again) published by the Los Angeles Times. Click on the image to read the article.
July 20, 1961: Judy attended a party held onstage at Carnegie Hall that Capitol Records gave to celebrate the release of the “Judy at Carnegie Hall” album.
“Melody Maker” had the following to say, which gives an indication of the huge success and response to the album, and why practically every household in the U.S. had a copy, even if they weren’t “Garland fans”: I finally got around to getting myself the new Judy Garland album. The concert took place on April 23rd of this year, and from those who were there, I gathered that this was a great night. I’ve always been a Judy Garland fan without getting to the fever stage, but brother, I am converted now. The album consists of two LPs without any inhibitions whatsoever. Let me confess I’ve never sat through such recorded emotion in my life.
Check out The Judy Garland Online Discography’s “Judy at Carnegie Hall” pages for details about all of the releases of the album.
July 20, 1968: Judy’s last concert in the U.S. She appeared at the J.F.K. Stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Over 20,000 people were in attendance. Ironically, Philadelphia was also the location of Judy’s first real concert on July 1, 1943.
Recordings from this concert exist and were expertly remastered and presented on the 2015 3-CD set “Swan Songs, First Flights.”
Here are two examples of the remastered songs from the CD:
“Over The Rainbow”