“A crowd of hard-boiled Hollywood press folks gave Judy the kind of ovation that any big star dreams of getting. After every song she sang, the applause was deafening.” – Aline Mosby, reporting on a press preview “Summer Stock,” 1950
August 12, 1935: Judy and her sisters, as “The Garland Sisters” filmed their one song, “La Cucaracha” for the all-star Technicolor short La Fiesta de Santa Barbara.
The short was filmed on location in Santa Barbara, California, and was the last time the sisters appeared on film together (they had previously made several Vitaphone shorts in 1929/1930). This was also their last job as a trio. The two older sisters were getting older and ready to move on, and by this point, Judy and her incredible talent were the focus of the act. It was clear to anyone that she had a future as a soloist.
The short is notable for several reasons: It’s the first time Judy appeared on film in 3-strip Technicolor, her earlier Vitaphone shorts filmed in 1929 & 1930 were in the early 2-strip Technicolor but only black and white prints survive.; It’s the only footage of the sisters, performing or otherwise; it’s technically Judy’s first MGM film as it was produced by Pete Smith and directed by Lewis Lewyn but distributed by MGM under the MGM logo. Judy would successfully audition for the studio a month later.
The short was nominated for the Oscar for “Best Color Short” but lost to Warner Bros.’ Give Me Liberty.
More about the shorts made by Judy and her sisters can be found at The Judy Room’s “Shorts – The Gumm Sisters” page.
August 12, 1937: This fantastic four-page spread was published in the “Film Daily” trade magazine promoting Broadway Melody of 1938 which was Judy’s first feature film for MGM and second feature film overall.
Broadway Melody of 1938 is the film in which Judy premiered “(Dear Mr. Gable) You Made Me Love You” and coupled with her powerhouse solo of “Everybody Sing” she almost stole the whole film from the rest of the stars. Even so, she was singled out in reviews of the film. Judy Garland was solidly on her way to superstardom!
The second image is another ad, a single page ad this time, that was also published in that same edition of “Film Daily.”
August 12, 1939: The Wizard of Oz had what was previously thought to be its world premiere engagement at The Strand Theater in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. Thanks to recent research we now know it did not have its world premiere in Oconomowoc.
The reality is that the Hollywood premiere was originally scheduled for August 10th but was moved to the 15th. The film was already scheduled for several dates around the country. According to newspaper records, the film was scheduled to premiere in several cities and towns in the midwest on August 11 although its first showing was on August 10th in Green Bay, Wisconsin, followed by August 11: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and Kenosha, Neenah, and Appleton, Wisconsin; August 12: Oconomowoc, Wisconsin; August 13: Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and Racine, Rhinelander, and Sheboygan, Wisconsin.
Oconomowoc has laid claim to being the location of the film’s world premiere, and it was reported as such for several decades, but in fact the film actually (and quietly) premiered on August 10th in Green Bay, Wisconsin.
Images below: Clippings from the “Green Bay Press-Gazette,” Green Bay, Wisconsin, from August 9, 10, 11, & 12 (last three, including an early review).
The last clipping above is the following early review of the film:
Fairy Tale is Made A Movie
Characters of Baum Story Reach Screen in Unusual Picture
By BETTY LOU McKELVEY
Making a movie of a favorite childhood story is, to say the least, ticklish business. So the highest of the many praises one might heap upon the splendid technicolor picture, “The Wizard of Oz,” playing currently at the Orpheum theater, is this: it doesn’t let us down.
Most of us who grew up during the last 40 years are already friends of Dorothy, the Cowardly Lion and the rest, and the motion picture version of the Frank L. Baum [sic]) story is merely brushing up an old acquaintance.
Producer Mervyn Le Roy [sic] and Director Victor Fleming have not created a success, however, our of a mere slavish imitation of the story, which has been reassembled to make it more suitable for screening. But the spirit is there, and the gayety, and all the familiar characters.
Fleming, incidentally, directed “Captains Courageous,” one of the best films in recent years. In “The Wizard of Oz,” he has undoubtedly created one of this year’s most important movies.
Like “Snow White,” “The Wizard of Oz” was not made for children, but for “the young in heart.” Unlike Snow White, the characters are real flesh and blood actors, although they, too, live in a land of dreams, where wicked witches, cackling wildly, ride through the night, with winged monkies [sic], where the Munchkins, alias Singer’s midgets, peer out from along the roadside flowers; and where a wonderful yellow brick road leads through an enchanted forest to the emerald city, where lives the wonderful wizard himself … and the famous “horse of a different color.”
Lahr, Bolger Good
Although Judy Garland is a perfect choice for the role of Dorothy, Bert Lahr and Ray Bolger, in their best screen roles to date, steal the show as the Cowardly Lion and the wobble-legged scarecrow. Their dances and songs are hilarious.
Jack Haley as the Tin Woodman who wanted a heart, Margaret Hamilton as the wicked witch, Frank Morgan as the wizard and the rest are well-cast, Toto, too, seems the perfect choice for the dog who faithfully follows Dorothy through all her adventures from the time she is carried from Kansas of Oz by cyclone. The cyclone sequence, incidentally, is nothing short of remarkable.
August 12, 1939: Columnist Paul Walker published his short interview with Judy’s mom, Ethel. The interview was done just a few days before when Judy and Mickey were appearing in Washington, D.C. Included are a few more Ozzy articles and even an analysis of Mickey Rooney’s handwriting.
August 12, 1939: “Star Flashes” featured a fun drawing of Judy as “Baby Gumm” which was obviously taken from a photo of Judy provided by MGM, which had (much like what’s shown in A Star Is Born) photos from its stars’ past. I don’t have a good copy of the photo used in the pic so I’ve included a different shot from the same photo session.
August 12, 1939: The Hartford Courant reported on Judy and Mickey Rooney’s one night of shows at the Loew’s Poli Theater in Hartford. According to the paper, 15,000 people came out to see the duo, who, after giving four performances, were whisked away at 10 p.m. to travel back to Bridgeport where they made another appearance there before heading to New York, and the NY premiere of The Wizard of Oz.
August 12, 1939: A few more Ozzy items from random papers.
August 12, 1939: Here is the syndicated review from the United Press that was published in many papers around the country during this time. It gave some background on the film, supplied by MGM.
May Top ‘Snow White’ – That’s How Good Some People in Hollywood Believe ‘The Wizard of Oz’ Is – Some Facts about Its Production
By FREDERICK C. OTHMAN
United Press Hollywood Correspondent
Hollywood, Aug. 11 – Best movie that Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer has manufactured in many a moon is “The Wizard of Oz.” It is comparable only to Disney’s “Snow White” – and many people are going to think it’s better.
Odds are that you’ll see it. The following facts may help you enjoy it:
Last winter when The Wizard was in production, minority stockholders kicked about the fact that Producer Mervyn Leroy was earning $6,000 a week. That’s $312,000 a year, or a tremendous salary for the hired hand in a picture studio. The stockholders claimed it was way too much.
They may decide Leroy’s wage was one of the best investment the company ever made, because the picture seems destined to make net profits into the millions, as did “Snow White.” Now that The Wizard is finished and about to be given its world premiere at $5.50 a seat, Leroy has taken a salary cut.
He only gets $4,000 a week.
The picture, as you may have gathered from the advertisements, is merely the retelling in color on the screen of L. Frank Baum’s famous book for children, about Dorothy’s adventures with the Tin Woodsman, the Scarecrow and the Cowardly Lion in the Land of Oz. The book has sold 8,000,000 copies so far. Sam Goldwyn held onto the picture rights for years, but finally sold them to Leroy after the latter had wangled $3,500,000 of Metro money to make the film.
It took him five months to shoot the film, after a couple of surprising false starts, and four more months to dub in the sound. The result, as unwound today in a studio projection room is an adventure into pure fantasy, as gay and as exciting perhaps as any movie Hollywood ever made.
One scene you’ll see is that of Dorothy plucking an apple from a tree. This makes the tree angry. It snatches the apple away from her and slaps her on the writs. How do you think Metro wangled that?
Well sir, the experts built a flexible rubber tree, put a man inside of it, and zipped the bark up the back. He did the apple snatching.
Then there was the little matter of the good fairy doing all her traveling in a gigantic and colorful bubble. The boys couldn’t make this work with double exposure, because the colors blurred. So they put a white spot on each frame of the film, making thousands of white spots in all, and then tinted each one by hand.
One hundred and twenty midgets, composing Singer’s entire troupe, played the munchkins. They spoke with a strange and amusing lilt, which Metro intends to patent. The engineers use algebra in figuring the process.
Richard Thorpe was the director, but he worked only three weeks before he came down with pneumonia. So did Buddy Eben, the original Tin Woodsman. Fictor Fleming replaced Thorpe, while Jack Haley stepped into Ebsen’s tin pants.
He worked in them for four days, during which production costs were running at $24,000 every 24 hours. Then somebody happened to notice how shiny Haley’s tin clothes seemed to be. The script called for rusty tin. The whole footage, costing probably $80,000 had to be junked and the scenes reshot with the woodsman properly rusted.
Bert Lahr, the comic, played the Cowardly Lion. The studio sent to a taxidermist for his suit, which was delivered a couple of days later, furry and resplendent. It soon developed a peculiar odor, which eventually became so potent Lahr could stand it no longer. The taxidermist confessed he made the suit from the skin of a circus lion, recently deceased. He had to produce another odorless lion suit made from a rug.
Ray Bolger was the straw man. He wore so much straw stuffed in his clothes that the fire department considered him a menace. A fireman followed him wherever he went, with an extinguisher primed.
An important character was the “Horse of Another Color.” It started out white and in rapid succession became lavender, red and yellow. The studio dyed the beast with raspberry, strawberry and lemon flavors successively, of the food product advertised by Jack Benny. It was the only kind of horse coloring the humane society would allow because it was out easily.
Judy Garland was Dorothy and as pretty as Baum ever imagined her. Frank Morgan was the Wizard. Billie Burke the Good Witch, and green-nosed Margaret Hamilton the Bad. They all gave excellent performances. We’re going to see “The Wizard” again. We liked it that much.
August 12, 1940: Judy completed filming on Strike Up The Band with scenes (mostly retakes) on the “Interior Train”; “Interior Attic”; and “Interior Lower Floor” sets. Time called: 9 a.m.; dismissed: 6:15 p.m.
The film cost $851,577.78 to make and grossed a whopping (for the time) $3,472,059. It’s the second of the four Judy Garland/Mickey Rooney “Let’s Put On A Show” musicals.
August 12, 1940: Here’s a blurb about Judy gifting a vacation to her former teacher. It might be more studio fantasy or it might be true. No one knows for sure.
August 12, 1941: More filming on the “How About You?” number for Babes on Broadway on the “Interior Morris Parlor” set. Time called: 9:45 a.m. The assistant director’s notes state “10:08-10:16 – wait for Judy Garland – late.” Lunch: 12:30-1:30 p.m.; dismissed 6:10 p.m.
Scan of promotional artwork provided by Kim Lundgreen. Thanks, Kim!
August 12, 1942: Judy was the guest writer for Walter Winchell’s column.
August 12, 1944: Filming continued on The Clock with more scenes shot on the “Interior Living Room” set as well as the “Bedroom – Alice Apt.” set. Time called: 10 a.m.; time dismissed: 3:20 p.m.
The image above right was published on this day (and several other days), “Star in Stripes” featuring a photo of Judy taken in 1940.
August 12, 1945: In the Curio Department. Here’s an article about Judy’s aunt, Jerry Lee, who was also a singer and snagged a job singing “Take Back the Heart That Thou Gavest” featured in the Paramount film Two Years Before the Mast starring Alan Ladd. IMdB does not give her name in its expanded listing for the film nor any listings for any “Jerry Lee” aside from one actress who appeared in two movies in the late 1940s, but not this one. I haven’t seen Two Years Before the Mast, so I can’t confirm if Lee’s bit might have been cut from the film before its release in 1946.
August 12, 1947: The “Show Time #275” radio show was broadcast. The show was recorded in advance. Judy was currently in the Riggs Center in Massachusetts. No other information is known about this show or its content.
The first clipping above features an early mention of Judy’s upcoming role in The Barkleys of Broadway, which sadly she was unable to complete.
August 12, 1949: The Wizard of Oz at ten. The review on the left by Wood Soanes, the same Wood Soanes who predicted great things for Judy back in 1934 when she and her sisters were in San Francisco performing. That review is the last clipping above. Soanes was a lifelong Garland fan as is apparent in his reviews over the years (see May 25, 1952, for example).
August 12, 1949: In The Good Old Summertime
August 12, 1950: Here’s a great review of Summer Stock that notes how the critics loved Judy in the film, cheering her brilliant rendition of “Get Happy.” This was important because Judy was currently in Boston for another rest and cure after attempting to commit suicide in June. The event had people wondering if her career was washed up and if her public would support her or not. Judging from the public’s response to Summer Stock (and the critics as well), Judy’s career was not washed up but merely on hold.
August 12, 1951: Judy arrived in New York after her successful comeback at The London Palladium and subsequent tour of England and Scotland. The stage was set for her phenomenal, history-making debut at The Palace Theater in New York.
August 12, 1952: According to this short article, it looks as though Judy was trying to pull a diva moment.
August 12, 1954: Part Two of the three-part series, “The Judy Garland Story.”
THE JUDY GARLAND STORY
Judy Garland in Good Health But Still Battles Poundage
Song of ‘Dear Mr. Gable’ Irked Both The Singer and the Well Known Actor
by EMILY BELSER
Judy Garland, as a big-hearted, outspoken youngster, probably held more power over Clark Gable in public than any other living person.
She was just a fledgling, countrified and fidgety when an eager-beaver Hollywood composer got the bright idea of writing a song – for Judy to sing to Mr. Gable.
It was the now-famous ditty, “Dear Mr. Gable.”
“I sang it all right,” Judy admitted ruefully, “I sang it 3,999 times until I reached the point where I almost hated Clark Gable and I’m sure he almost hated me!”
“I ran into him not long ago after his last birthday and he told me he had the jim-jams all day for fear I was going to pop out of the woodwork and sing that “gosh-darned’ song!”
“For years,” she lamented, “everywhere I went and Gable turned up I’d have to sing ‘Dear Mr. Gable,’ and the poor guy would have to sit there pretending he was touched to the quick. It was awful! Just awful!”
“I think he’d have done anything – anything! – to keep me from breaking into the inevitable.”
But long before Judy Garland hob-nobbed with the great Gable, she was known as one of the Gumm sisters who were much in demand for benefits.
“I’ll never forget our first professional job,” Judy recalled. “We were slated to appear at the Los Angeles Biltmore Theater and mother spent $10 each for three new dresses. When we got our pay envelopes we had received a percentage of the grand total of $1.50 each – four bits for all that work!”
Judy, who was wearing her famous tramp costume complete with scraggly wig and baggy coat when interviewed on a movie set, recounted the well-known story of how she finally got her name.
She and her sisters got a “real break” to appear in Chicago’s famed Oriental Theater, but the name on the marquee came out “The Glum Sisters.”
“Boy, try and sing sad songs with a moniker like that,” Judy laughed.
She was saved from a fate worse than obscurity by George Jessel who happened to be on the same bill.
“I was crying like my heart was going to break over the billing we got,” she said, “then along came George.”
He told her not to cry, that she looked like a garland of flowers. Then he stopped and said:
“That’s a good one. Why don’t you change your name to Judy Garland?”
It was during a vacation at Lake Tahoe that Judy got her first screen nibble. “One night I was singing around a campfire and a musical director – Lew Brown at MGM – came up and said try Hollywood.”
It was Louis B. Mayer in person who listened to Judy sing and signed her to a contract without even a screen test.
After seeing herself for the first time on film the youngster went home and cried herself to sleep because she didn’t photograph “like a siren.”
“I don’t know why I thought I would look like Betty Grable,” she said, “but there I was – frecked and snub-nosed and chubby.”
Judy has had a constant battle with the weighing scales ever since.
“I’m in fine health,” she said. “But I have to watch my diet. I haven’t had a French fry in years. I have a passion for chocolate and I could live on potatoes and bread, but I stick to high proteins. I even use a substitute for salt. It’s so awful it almost makes me sick!”
“One of the saddest things I ever heard anyone say happened in New York one night when I was having dinner with a group of entertainers including Tallulah Bankhead.
“I was digging in with both hands,” she said, “and I turned and asked Tallulah if she wasn’t going to eat.”
“She gave the saddest look and said, ‘I can’t break my diety, Judy. And I’ve been so hungry all my life!'”
Judy, although not thin, has lost the pouchy look she had some months ago, but she looked tired despite her protestations of “good health” and “plenty of rest.”
She now is having an opportunity to recuperate from the strenuous eight-month grin of “A Star Is Born.” Warner Brothers, producers of the film, sent Judy and her husband, Sid Luft, to Europe (all expenses paid) for a well-earned rest.
“Am I happy,” Judy exulted, “it’s my first trip to the continent. Just think – I’ve never been to Paris!”
August 12, 1954: Here’s a notice about the upcoming dual premieres of A Star Is Born in New York.
August 12, 1961: The success of “Judy At Carnegie Hall” continued. Here it’s given four out of four stars. Naturally!
August 12, 1962: Judy arrived in Los Angeles after having spent April through August in England filming I Could Go On Singing which turned out to be her final film. Judy stayed at the Beverly Hills Hotel. Shortly thereafter she flew to Lake Tahoe in Nevada, where she filed for divorce again from husband Sid Luft. While in Tahoe Judy went on a fast, drinking nothing but two cups of tea all day. By mid-September, she had slimmed down to 100 pounds.
August 12, 1964: Judy’s last recording session, ever, for records: Lionel Bart’s “Maggie May” for Capitol/EMI Records, in London.
Judy was a fan of composer Lionel Bart (“Oliver!”), and while she was in London in 1964 she agreed to record four songs from his latest show “Maggie May.” The first two (“The Land of Promises” & ‘It’s Yourself”) were recorded on August 6th. On this day (August 12) Judy recorded the title tune (“Maggie May”) and “There’s Only One Union.”
The 45rpm EP (Extended Play) record was only released in the United Kingdom.
The songs were also released on a rare 33 1/3rpm 7″ album titled “Judy Sings Lionel Bart’s ‘Blitz’,”
All four songs were also included in the 1982 EMI Spanish LP “Con Plumas Judy Garland.”
A few of the songs ended up on CD compilations in the late 1990s, but were never officially released, all four together, on CD until 2002’s “Classic Judy Garland – The Capitol Years – 1955-1965.”
Listen to “Maggie May” here:
Listen to Take 1 of “Maggie May” here:
Listen to “There’s Only One Union” here:
August 12, 1965: Judy and Mark Herron vacationed in Northern California, near San Francisco. On this date, it was reported that Judy had stopped at a private home in Yankee Point to ask directions to the Hillsdale Inn.
August 12, 1968: “Is Judy Ready to Try It Again?”
August 12, 1968: A stage version of The Pirate premiered in New Hope, Pennsylvania. The show added the cut number “Manuela” to the line up of other additional Cole Porter songs. Included here is a review of the show.
August 12, 1989: More about the 50th anniversary of The Wizard of Oz, including an article about the need for films to be restored.
August 12, 2010: Google’s “doodle” for the day celebrated the 71st anniversary of The Wizard of Oz.