“Judy was a smash. She had the hep audience enthralled from the moment she walked on stage.” – Associated Press review, 1956
July 16, 1932: “The Gumm Sisters” (Judy and her two sisters) were part of the “unusually good vaudeville bill” at the Fox West Coast Theater in Santa Ana, California. Although the article listed their name correctly, the ad misnamed them as “Gum” which was a common error the family contended with until they finally renamed themselves “Garland.”
July 16, 1933: “The Gumm Sisters” were auditioned in their home on Cedar Street in Lancaster, California, by the RKO vaudeville circuit booking agents King and Winkler. They were so impressed that they booked the sisters into one of their theaters the very next day (in Los Angeles).
Photo: Judy and a friend in Lancaster in 1932.
July 16, 1937: Judy appeared on the “Hollywood Hotel” show on CBS Radio. The 60-minute show spotlighted the upcoming release of Broadway Melody of 1938, which was Judy’s MGM feature film debut. No recording of the show exists, but it’s safe to assume that at least part of it was the “Air Trailer” for the film that was sent out to radio stations by MGM. Many times Air Trailers included songs or snippets of songs that were cut from the completed films and/or were alternate takes.
In the photo with Judy are Igor Gorin, Billy Gilbert, George Murphy, Sophie Tucker, Eleanor Powell, Buddy Ebsen, Harriet Parsons, Robert Taylor, and Frances Langford. All except Parsons and Langford appear in the film.
July 16, 1940: Filming continued on Strike Up The Band specifically scenes shot on the “Interior Radio Theatre” set which was the “Finale” sequence.
July 16, 1941: Babes on Broadway filming continued. On this day, the assistant director’s notes state: Miss Garland was called on today to rehearse dance at 2:30 p.m. – At 2:45 was sent to Miss Montclair for a French lesson – At 3 p.m.; reported to Eddie Larkin to rehearse “How About You?” routine; at 3:15 she said she had such a bad headache she could not continue – Went Home.
July 16, 1943: For Me And My Gal was featured in the “Metro News Flyer” published in Brisbane, Australia. The film had been released in the U.S. in November of 1942 but was not released in Australia until 1943.
Also on July 16, 1943: Judy posed for color photographs for the New York Sunday News newspaper. Her photo appeared on the cover on September 5, 1943 (shown here).
Judy was in New York as part of her second tour of Army camps entertaining the troops, traveling as part of the USO to camps in New York, New Jersey (including Fort Hancock), and Pennsylvania. Judy was one of the first big stars to entertain the troops just after America entered World War Two, going on tour in January and February of 1942.
July 16, 1947: Judy’s last full day of filming on The Pirate was a marathon day. She was due on the set at 9:45 a.m., she arrived at 10:35 a.m.; dismissed: 6:05 p.m. Judy finished filming “Be A Clown” with Gene Kelly along with retakes and pickups on five other scenes; changing wardrobe, hairstyle, and makeup at least three times for more than twenty-five takes. There would be additional retakes on October 22nd through December 19th. The photos above of Judy with Gene Kelly and producer Arthur Freed were taken on this day.
Also on July 16, 1947: Hedda Hopper’s column, dated July 15th, was published. Hopper relays the story of Judy’s recent nervous collapse. Walter Winchell’s column (written by Jack Lait) also mentioned the collapse and wisely mentions that it’s probably due to the effects of Benzedrine.
The sequence of events apparently happened quickly. As noted above, the day these columns appeared was the same as the final day of filming on The Pirate. Judy’s nervous collapse must have happened on one of the days prior to the days she was ill and unable to work on “Be A Clown” which in recent weeks was June 3th through July 3rd and July 7th. She was also out sick on July 11th & 12th, which are the most likely candidates as the columnists would have quickly picked up the story. Those earlier dates are too early.
Judy bounced back well enough to show up at the MGM commissary “two days after suffering from a nervous collapse” [per Hedda Hopper] for lunch with Frank Sinatra. Sheilah Graham went into more detail: Judy Garland … replies, in answer to my question about her health: “You all say I’m dying. Okeh, I’m dying.” In the first place, no one has said this. Secondly, Judy does look ill. And she sounded hysterical. But after the above outburst, she joined Frank Sinatra for lunch, and seemed as gay as anything.
The Hopper and Graham columns noted above appeared on July 21st. By this point, Judy had made an unpublicized suicide attempt and was sent to Las Campanas sanitarium in Compton, California. That happened on either the 17th or the 18th because she left on July 19th for the Austen Riggs Center in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. Judy returned to Los Angeles on August 20th.
Easter Parade became Judy’s second highest-grossing film at the time, making over 6 million on an investment of $2,503,654 (which was actually under budget by $191,280). Only Meet Me In St. Louis grossed more, making over 7 million in its first release.
Today the film is a true classic and still has one of the most popular of Judy’s films, being one that even people who aren’t “into” classic films usually have seen thanks to the annual showings on TV around the Easter holiday.
Of course, no mention of Easter Parade would be complete without giving a shout-out to Judy’s co-stars Fred Astaire, Ann Miller, and Peter Lawford, as well as songwriter Irving Berlin and director Charles Walters. Everyone was brilliant!
July 16, 1954: Filming on the “Born In A Trunk” production number continued on A Star Is Born. The filming began late, at 5:00 p.m., and finished the following morning at 1:40 a.m.
July 16, 1955: This article appeared in the UK “Picture Show” magazine, promoting A Star Is Born.
Scans provided by Kim Lundgreen. Thanks, Kim!
July 16, 1956: Judy opened at The New Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas. This was Judy’s nightclub debut and it was so successful that 7,000 people had to be turned away on the opening weekend resulting in the addition of a fifth week to the four weeks originally planned.
Judy earned a total of $275,000 and performed a total of seventy shows. The two-show-a-night act lasted sixty-eight minutes and included two production numbers. The shows began and 7:30 p.m. and 12:30 a.m. respectively.
The normal lineup (there were some variations in Judy’s encores) was: “An Intro by Judy’s Boyfriends”; “This Is A Party” (Judy and her “Boyfriends”); “Judy’s Olio”; “Come Rain Or Come Shine”; “This Is Our Spot” (Judy’s Boyfriends); “Any Place I Hang My Hat Is Home” (production number with the “Boyfriends”); “Lucky Day” (with the “Boyfriends”); “A Couple Of Swells”; and “Over The Rainbow.”
The first night’s performance was recorded through the sound system and still survives although all that has been released is “Lucky Day.”
For the 2011 “Judy in New York” fan get-together, this video matching existing footage of Judy and her “Boyfriends” performing “Lucky Day” to the audio was created by Frank Labrador of Labrador Productions utilizing video and images from various collections and The Getty Images website (where most of the video fragments came from, with the timestamp blacked out). I’m sure you’ll agree that Labrador did a great job!
July 16, 1963: Videotaping of “Episode Three” of “The Judy Garland Show” at CBS Television City, Studio 43, Hollywood, California. Guests: Liza Minnelli, the Brothers Castro, and Soupy Sales; plus regular Jerry Van Dyke.
Judy sang: “Liza”; “Come Rain Or Come Shine”; “Together” (with Liza); A medley of “We Could Make Such Beautiful Music Together”/”The Best Is Yet To Come”/”Bye, By Baby”/”Bob White (Whatcha Gonna Swing Tonight)'”; “As Long As He Needs Me” (in the “Born In A Trunk” segment); and, as a closer, Judy and Liza singing “Two Lost Souls” followed by “I Will Come Back.” Judy also performed a brief sketch with Soupy Sales.
The show aired on November 17, 1963.
Color photos above were taken by Roddy McDowell.
July 16, 1964: The first of Dick Kleiner’s syndicated column “What’s Over Judy Garland’s Rainbow?” was published. Because it was syndicated it appeared in various papers over the next few weeks, so both parts of the article are given above.
July 16, 1965: Judy was heard in a phone interview on “The Les Crane Show” on syndicated TV. Later in the evening, she took daughter Lorna and son Joe to see daughter Liza Minnelli in “Flora, The Red Menace” on Broadway, then later they went to the club “Arthur.”
July 16, 1968: Judy went to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for her next engagement (at JFK Stadium which turned out to be her final U.S. concert), checking into the Warwick Hotel with daughter Lorna. Judy gave several press interviews in her hotel suite, and photos show her with Lorna, looking at a copy the “Judy” LP. Judy also again mentioned “possibly” playing the Palace that fall, although it did not happen.